Did you know that a fire doubles in size every 30 seconds?
With approximately 500,000 structure fires reported last year, it’s important to know the facts. Knowing the facts will help in understanding and implementing fire prevention and safety tips
0 seconds – Ground zero, a fire starts when the contents of a waste basket burst into flames.
- 30 seconds – fire spreads to nearby furniture
- 1 minute, 4 seconds – Polyurethane cushioning from furniture melts, spreading fire to the carpeted areas. Smoke and toxic gases start to fill the room.
- 1 minute, 47 seconds – Smoke rises to 2nd floor of home
- 3 Minutes, 3 seconds – Temperature in ground zero exceeds 500 degrees F – no one can survive in this area.
- 3 Minutes, 41 seconds – Flashover! Everything in ground zero ignites forcing temperatures to exceed 1400 degrees F. Windows burst outward with the entire room filling with flames, forcing smoke and toxic gases throughout the house.
- 4 Minutes, 33 seconds – The flames climb the house, enter the windows and spread to 2nd floor between the walls. Rescue at this point is not a high probability.
6 Steps for Fire Prevention and Safety
- Clean your chimney – Have your chimneys and related devices inspected and cleaned annually. Creosote is a nasty firestarter.
- Smoke alarms – smoke alarms should be installed on every level of the home, inside each bedroom and outside each sleeping area. Smoke alarms should be tested monthly with the batteries being replaced twice per year.
- Evacuation plan – Practice an evacuation plan with your family and have a meeting place outside the home so that all family members can be accounted for.
- Alternate routes – It is important to know several ways out of you home in case exit points are blocked. For multi level homes, it is recommended to purchase escape ladders for 2nd floor levels.
- Fire extinguishers – Not only should you have a fire extinguisher on each level, but all family members should be trained on how to use them.
- Kitchen safety – The #1 cause of house fires is cooking. placing a lid over a burning pan is the safest and simplest way to extinguish the fire.
Following these simple Fire Prevention and Safety Tips could assist in saving lives and limiting damage to structures.