Tree felling is terminology set in the forestry world.
It is the process of cutting down a tree for a variety of reasons; if a tree becomes unsteady, develops disease inside it or poses obstruction to your property or personal welfare.
Yet, how does one become an experienced tree feller if they never fell a tree?
Education and preparation are keys to tree felling
It is important that any tree felling project is planned very carefully, to avoid a potential disaster and remain safe.
Experienced or novice, one must always wear protective clothing and gear to protect your eyes, ears and hands. When tree felling, always wear protective glasses, and ear plugs. Steel capped boots and non-slip gloves are also recommended.
Understand that safety is very important!
For a beginner, the knowledge of application of these tools is very important. If a beginner is aware of the risks involved in the process of felling, then he is less likely to cause any damage to himself or the property.
Trees fall with tremendous force!
When determining your tree felling direction always try for a clear fall path and landing. To avoid cracking or damaging the fallen tree, make sure the landing is clear of any rocks or stumps. A cut tree will fall with enough force to send branches airborne! Factor this into your planning.
To avoid lodge trees, identify all possible fall paths and ensure those paths are free of other trees and/or debris.
It is easier and safer to fell a tree in the direction that it is already leaning. Allowing gravity to do the work eliminates the need for wedges, making for a cleaner fall.
If at all possible, to make removal easier, plan your fell so the butt faces the road where you plan to load or pull.
Tree Felling Quick Guide:
* Assembling the gear – Make sure that all the tools listed are present along with adequate protection attire.
* Assess the tree – General conditions are noted including height of the tree, material of the tree.
* Assess the environment- The drop zone should be free of people or anything at all prone to damage.
* Base of the tree is examined- The purpose of doing this is looking for root instability.
* Look and plan an escape route
* The lay is determined and a proper direction is selected to allow the tree to fall.
* First cut should be horizontal and on the side of which you want the tree to fall.
* Use your escape route.
Along with safety, one must also think of the cost aspect involved in the felling of the tree. Some factors are considered that ultimately affect the overall cost of felling. They are:
*Amount of trees – It is considered advantageous to carry out any work in which mass felling is required. If you are using large equipments then you must get more than the worth of the equipment.
*Environment – The overall cost will be reduced if there are risks involved in the landing of the trees. There shouldn’t be any people or property located near to the felling area.
Tree felling is risky business that should only be done with education, safety, and the proper tools.